On April 1, 1993, Sri Lankan Army soldiers massacred hundreds of Tamil civilians in Vadamarachchi, Niranam District, Mullaitivu District, Velladivu and Anuradhapura. Community leaders and journalists reported the deaths of 500 civilians at Vadamarachchi in the aftermath of the massacre. A month after the massacre Sri Lanka Prime Minister D.S. Senanayake apologized to the Sri Lankan Tamil community in the United States (US), "for the killings and destruction of homes during the war", and "the decision made to use excessive force against civilians" in the district. Dr. Senanayake ruled out future self-rule for the Tamil community as a condition of peace. Tamil and Sinhalese governmental leaders asserted that ethnic tensions between Tamils and Sinhalese did not exist. Several reports, including the 1997 Report by the International Human Rights Commission for Sri Lanka, the 2004 Sir Lanka Report by the United Nations, have confirmed that massacres were committed by the Sri Lankan Army against the Tamil civilians in the four districts referred to in the Situation Report.
In an interview with the Sri Lankan journalist Prasanna Jayantil, Prof. Henthcote recorded eyewitness accounts of atrocities committed by the Sri Lankan Army in the 2009 Eastern province insurrection against the LTTE. The interview was conducted in the author's native London, on March 2008 before he left for Sri Lanka to assist in the investigations which he would make later in the island during the time of the insurrection. The interview was translated by the author into English.
On 23 December the Sri Lankan military forces attacked and occupied the Vanni. The army claimed that they were conducting a counter terrorist operation. The government determined that it would gain a foothold in the rebel-held areas and then be able to deploy more troops and begin the disarmament process for the LTTE cadres. d2c66b5586